UI UX Design

User experience design
User experience design (UX design, UXD, UED, or XD) is the process of creating evidence-based, interaction designs between human users and products or websites.

Design decisions in UX design are driven by research, data analysis, and test results rather than aesthetic preferences and opinions.

Unlike user interface design, which focuses solely on the design of a computer interface, UX design encompasses all aspects of a user's perceived experience with a product or website, such as its usability, usefulness, desirability, brand perception, and overall performance.

UX design is also an element of the customer experience (CX), which encompasses all aspects and stages of a customer's experience and interaction with a company.

The field of user experience design is a conceptual design discipline and has its roots in human factors and ergonomics, a field that, since the late 1940s, has focused on the interaction between human users, machines, and the contextual environments to design systems that address the user's experience.

With the proliferation of workplace computers in the early 1990s, user experience started to become a positive insight for designers.

Donald Norman, a professor and researcher in design, usability, and cognitive science, coined the term "user experience," and brought it to a wider audience.

I invented the term because I thought human interface and usability were too narrow.

I wanted to cover all aspects of the person's experience with the system including industrial design graphics, the interface, the physical interaction and the manual.

Since then the term has spread widely, so much so that it is starting to lose it's meaning.

— Donald Norman
There is a debate occurring in the experience design community regarding its focus, provoked in part by design scholar and practitioner, Don Norman.

Norman claims that when designers describe people only as customers, consumers, and users, designers risk diminishing their ability to do good design.
User interface design
User interface (UI) design or user interface engineering is the design of user interfaces for machines and software, such as computers, home appliances, mobile devices, and other electronic devices, with the focus on maximizing usability and the user experience.

In computer or software design, user interface (UI) design is the process of building interfaces that are aesthetically pleasing.

Designers aim to build interfaces that are easy and pleasant to use. UI design refers to graphical user interfaces and other forms of interface design.

The goal of user interface design is to make the user's interaction as simple and efficient as possible, in terms of accomplishing user goals (user-centered design).

User interfaces are the points of interaction between users and designs. There are three types:

Graphical user interfaces (GUIs) - Users interact with visual representations on a computer's screen.

The desktop is an example of a GUI.

Interfaces controlled through voice - Users interact with these through their voices.

Most smart assistants, such as Siri on smartphones or Alexa on Amazon devices, use voice control.

Interactive interfaces utilizing gestures- Users interact with 3D design environments through their bodies, e.g., in virtual reality (VR) games.

Interface design is involved in a wide range of projects, from computer systems, to cars, to commercial planes; all of these projects involve much of the same basic human interactions yet also require some unique skills and knowledge.
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