#treading #learnwithhumiraali HTML COURSE PART#2

First developed by Tim Berners-Lee in 1990, HTML is short for Hypertext Markup Language. HTML is used to create electronic documents (called pages) that are displayed on the World Wide Web. Each page contains several connections to other pages called hyperlinks. Every web page you see was written using one version of HTML.

HTML code ensures the proper formatting of text and images for your Internet browser. Without HTML, a browser would not know how to display text as elements or load images or other elements. HTML also provides a basic structure of the page, upon which Cascading Style Sheets are overlaid to change its appearance. One could think of HTML as the bones (structure) of a web page, and CSS as its skin (appearance).

As shown in the HTML tag example above, there aren't many components. Most HTML tags have an opening tag containing the tag name, tag attributes, a closing tag containing a forward slash, and the tag name being closed. For tags that do not have a closing tag like img, it is best practice to end the tag with a forward slash.

Most tags are contained in a less than and greater than angle brackets, and everything between the open and close tag is displayed or affected by the tag. In the example above, the a tag is creating a link called "Computer Hope" that is pointing to the hope.html file.

Because HTML is a markup language, it can be created and viewed in any text editor if saved with a .htm or .html file extension. However, most find it easier to design and create web pages in HTML using an HTML editor.

Once the HTML file is created, it can be viewed locally or uploaded to a web server to be viewed online using a browser.
HTML files use either the .htm or .html file extension. Older versions of Windows (Windows 3.x) only allow three-letter file extensions, so they used .htm instead of .html. However, both file extensions have the same meaning, and either may be used today. That being said, we recommend sticking to one naming convention as certain web servers may prefer one extension over the other.

Web pages that are created using a scripting language like Perl, PHP, or Python have a different extension even though they only show HTML in the source code.
Is HTML a programming language?
No. HTML is not a programming language; it's a markup language. See our markup language page for a comparison between a programming language and a markup language.
How to pronounce HTML
HTML is pronounced as h-t-m-l (aitch-tee-em-el).

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